No significant disruption to rice supply in Singapore, but some may raise prices due to India’s export tax

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Rice importers here have not faced any significant disruption in bringing in rice from India so far, while Singapore’s rice imports from countries, such as Vietnam and Thailand, are still healthy.

In addition, the nation’s Rice Stockpile Scheme has helped it mitigate the impact of any supply disruptions or price fluctuations, said the Ministry of Trade and Industry (MTI).

India recently imposed a 20 percent levy on rice exports of key varieties like unmilled and husk brown rice, and banned the export of broken rice, of which consumption in Singapore is low, MTI said.

It added that the government will continue to monitor the situation and ensure that Singapore has sufficient supply of rice.

Singapore imported US$59.8 million (S$83.4 million) of rice from India in 2020, comparable to Vietnam (US$57.3 million) but less than Thailand (US$123 million) in the same year, according to the Observatory of Economic Complexity.

Under the Rice Stockpile Scheme, rice importers are required to hold an inventory buffer equivalent to two times their average monthly imports, according to a written parliamentary reply by Trade and Industry Minister Gan Kim Yong in July.

The Rice Stockpile Scheme helps to ensure an adequate supply of rice in the market and maintain stability of prices during periods of uncertainty and supply shortages.

Supermarket chain Sheng Siong said it would not increase the prices of house brand rice in the short term, while FairPrice said the prices of its rice products have remained stable.

However, other businesses are set to increase their prices owing to India’s move.

Mustafa Centre, which sources most of its rice products from India, will mark up prices of affected products by 20 percent after its next shipment arrives.

V. Rama Murthy of Chennai Trading and Supermarket said his regular bulk-order customers, mostly caterers who provide food for migrant workers, are now hesitant to buy from him.

He is passing on the price increase to his customers by hiking the prices of all types of rice, except basmati, by $5 for a 25kg bag from Wednesday.

“Customers are confused and upset at the uncertain situation, and are hesitant to buy in bulk now due to the increase in prices,” he said, adding that he expects his income to be affected in the long run.

On the other hand, Catering Solutions will not raise prices for its cooked meals for now, even though it upped its rate earlier this year owing to Malaysia’s chicken export ban.

Instead, the company, which uses five tonnes of rice daily in its meals for foreign workers in the construction, petroleum and marine industries, aims to implement price increases gradually, said director S. Mahenthiran.

“Prices tend to go up during certain seasons, and fall during other seasons. But this time round, it is a bit different, prices have remained high,” he said.

“Furthermore, the Indian government introduced export tax on rice, which took effect on Sept 9. This further inflated the price of rice,” he added.




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