Earthquake aftermath: Fear of ‘great’ grips Istanbul

Salih Dogru, 12, and his cousin Eren Dogru, 14, visit earthquake victims' graves at Cankaya cemetery, where they moved to in the aftermath of a deadly earthquake in Iskenderun, Turkey, March 12, 2023. Last month's devastating earthquakes killed more than 54,000 people in Turkey and Syria and left millions homeless. Shortly after the first earthquake struck on Feb. 6, Salih’s uncle, undertaker Ali Dogru, 46, moved his family to the cemetery. They have been living there since. REUTERS/Susana Vera SEARCH "VERA TURKEY CEMETERY" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY


In 1999, a tremor struck Turkey, resulting in over 17,000 fatalities, including 1,000 in Istanbul. Since the recent earthquake, fifty teams of engineers have been assessing the city’s infrastructure by examining the quality of concrete and the width of steel reinforcement bars.

The Engineer with a helmet on his head inserted his sharp tool into the concrete to assess the structural integrity of Durmus Uygun’s building, amid concerns about the possibility of a devastating earthquake hitting Istanbul. Uygun, who resides in a densely populated area with lower-income demographics, expressed confidence in the building’s safety but said that his children are worried, which is why they decided to have the test conducted.

“If the result is good, we will live in peace. But who knows where we will be when the earthquake hits? We may be at the supermarket or at work — that’s what scares us.”
In his fifties and wearing a black beret, Uygun is far from the only one living in fear in Istanbul.
Turkiye’s cultural and economic capital is home to up to 20 million people, many still haunted by memories of the last “Big One” that struck just east of the city in 1999. More than 17,000 people died, including 1,000 in Istanbul.
The city has grown substantially since then, becoming a magnet for people attracted by its booming economy — and oblivious to the active fault line running along its southern edge.
That changed on Feb. 6, when a 7.8-magnitude earthquake killed more than 48,000 in southeastern Turkiye and nearly 6,000 over the border in Syria, leaving entire cities in ruins.
A state of collective psychosis has since gripped Istanbulites, who have requested more than 140,000 checks of the type being conducted on Uygun’s apartment building.
By the municipality’s own admission, nearly 100,000 buildings will collapse or be seriously damaged in the event of a 7.5-magnitude quake.
Fifty teams of engineers have been roaming the city since last month’s disaster, measuring the quality of concrete and the width of steel reinforcement bars.
If the risk to the building is deemed “very high,” it could be condemned to demolition and occupants forced to move out.
Some of Istanbul’s southern districts lie just 15 km from the North Anatolian Fault, which is distinct from the equally active East Anatolian Fault on which last month’s quake struck.
Seismologists have calculated a 47-percent chance of an earthquake with a magnitude above 7.3 hitting Istanbul within 30 years.
Two blocks from Uygun’s building, hardware store owner Ali Nezir has started selling whistles to locals who fear getting trapped under tons of concrete.
“People are scared,” said Nezir, whose small shop is on the ground floor of a 12-story tower.
Some residents say they have started storing biscuits and water bottles at the foot of their beds in case the quake comes in the middle of the night, leaving them trapped.
Uygun has prepared some emergency bags for his family containing enough to survive on while waiting for help.
Ugur Erisoglu, an Istanbul wholesaler, offers earthquake survival bags for 200 lira ($10) containing torches, blankets, medical kits and neck braces.
“We used to sell 1,000 a month,” Erisoglu said. “We have received 15,000 orders since the earthquake, including 8,000 from Istanbul.”
The sudden reminder of the threat hanging over Turkiye’s main city is forcing some to seriously contemplate moving home.
“There is strong demand for northern districts of Istanbul, further from the fault line, and for individual houses,” said Mehmet Erkek, the general manager of Zingat, a real estate listings platform.
Searches have also exploded for cities such as Edirne and Kirklareli, located in a less quake-prone region 200 kilometers northwest of Istanbul.
Nil Akat, a clinical psychologist, says she has been receiving patients “who are making very concrete plans to move out of Istanbul.”
“Many no longer feel safe at home. They are on high alert, always on alert. Out on the street, they pick out safer looking sidewalks in case a building should collapse.”
Akat said she spoke to some colleagues who told her: “Some (of our patients) can no longer think rationally.”
This fear can grip anyone, without distinction for age or social class, she said.
Cisel Aktimur, a young Istanbulite who enjoys a breathtaking view of the city from her 12th-floor apartment, had been thinking of leaving for some time.
Last month’s disaster has made moving a “priority,” she said.
“Even if nothing happens to my building, I probably wouldn’t be able to bear what I see,” she said.

You might also like