Businesses have given a relieved welcome to the Brexit trade deal, but warned there was more work to be done.
In a statement, Number 10 said: “The deal is fantastic news for businesses in every part of the UK.”
But the CBI warned that firms needed urgent confirmation of grace periods to smooth the cliff-edge on everything from data to rules of origin.
“We need to ensure we keep goods moving across borders,” said Tony Danker, CBI director-general.
He said the deal “will come as a huge relief to British business at a time when resilience is at an all-time low”.
“But coming so late in the day, it is vital that both sides take instant steps to keep trade moving and services flowing while firms adjust.”
The CBI said immediate guidance from government was required across all sectors.
“The clock is still very much ticking for businesses,” warned Jonathan Geldart, director general of the Institute of Directors.
“Guidance on implementing the mammoth text is urgently needed across government.
“Digesting what the changes mean in practice and adapting, in the middle of a pandemic and the festive season, while border disruptions continue, is a huge ask.”
Checks and red tape
Helen Dickinson, chief executive of the British Retail Consortium, urged the EU and UK governments to work to implement the new arrangement as soon as possible.
“They must ensure there are no tariffs from Day One and find new ways to reduce the checks and red tape that we’ll see from 1 January,” she said.
“Businesses are undoubtedly relieved to hear that a deal has been agreed and will be hoping that it will now be ratified by respective parliaments across Europe,’ said Richard Burge, chief executive of the London Chamber of Commerce and Industry.
“However, in on-the-ground terms for business, there are likely to still be questions unanswered and operational detail missing.”
Business group Logistics UK was optimistic about the deal.
“It removes the risk of tariffs being placed on almost every item imported from the EU, which would have raised prices and slowed the rate of economic growth,” said Elizabeth de Jong, the group’s policy director.
But TUC general secretary Frances O’Grady was scathing. “This deal is better than nothing, but not by much. It won’t protect jobs and puts hard-won workers’ rights on the line.”
She called on the prime minister to “make good on his promise to level up Britain”, saying: “He needs to act fast. There can be no more pointing the finger at the EU.”
Concerns were raised over the fact that financial services did not form part of the trade deal.
“The agreement should be less criticised for what it contains than what it does not contain – namely the future of financial services,” said Daniel Pinto, chief executive of Stanhope Capital Group.
He said the City now needed to take its future in its own hands. “Post-Brexit, it should lure international companies and revamp its regulatory framework to make it much more flexible.”
Nicolas Mackel, chief executive of Luxembourg for Finance, said the deal was positive news for financial services.
“While financial services has never been covered by the trade negotiations, this vital breakthrough bodes well for the conversations happening around equivalences and delegation,” he said.
“Until now, the souring negotiating mood on the future relationship was putting these important financial footbridges across the Channel under great pressure and there was a risk of collapse.”